Wei Liu#, Yaoting Sun, Weigang Ge, Fangfei Zhang, Lin Gan, Yi Zhu, Tiannan Guo*, Kexin Liu*
April 09 , 2021
DIA-based Proteomics Identifies IDH2 as a Targetable Regulator of Acquired Drug Resistance in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia.
Drug resistance is a critical obstacle to effective treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). To understand the underlying resistance mechanisms in response to imatinib (IMA) and adriamycin (ADR), the parental K562 cells were treated with low doses of IMA or ADR for two months to generate derivative cells with mild, intermediate and severe resistance to the drugs as defined by their increasing resistance index (RI). PulseDIA-based quantitative proteomics was then employed to reveal the proteome changes in these resistant cells. In total, 7,082 proteotypic proteins from 98,232 peptides were identified and quantified from the dataset using four DIA software tools including OpenSWATH, Spectronaut, DIA-NN, and EncyclopeDIA. Sirtuin Signaling Pathway was found to be significantly enriched in both ADR- and IMA-resistant K562 cells. In particular, IDH2 was identified as a potential drug target correlated with the drug resistance phenotype, and its inhibition by the antagonist AGI-6780 reversed the acquired resistance in K562 cells to either ADR or IMA. Together, our study has implicated IDH2 as a potential target that can be therapeutically leveraged to alleviate the drug resistance in K562 cells when treated with IMA and ADR.